hc02The HIPAA Act contains two sections, which includes the HIPAA Privacy Rule and the HIPAA Security Rule. The privacy rule contains Federal protection against personal health information (PHI) while the security rule requires businesses such as offices and professionals like dentists to protect electronic personal health information (ePHI).

The HIPAA Privacy Rule

The privacy rule allows PHI details to be shared in relation to issuing health care to a patient. This can include things like the hospital sharing records with your family doctor, sharing your patient history with a specialist doctor, etc. Dentists may also need to share such information to a doctor for diagnosis determinations just as a doctor may need to share patient information to a dentist for dental procedures.

The privacy rule relates to any means of PHI sharing, whether it is through papers, faxes, emails, documents, phone, or even simple electronic transfers. Aside from how the information is handled through professions, the patient also has the right to view their medical history.

The HIPAA Security Rule

The security rule involves several safeguards to protect PHI details, such as digital, physical, and administrative safeguards. For instance, it includes proper training of networked computer usage to all personnel involved, limiting access of specific information to certain employees, established policies and procedures for workstation operations, integrating usage of passwords for specific tasks and operations, etc.